Disturbances in Manomaya kosa percolate in to the physical sheath through the Pranayama kosa. Hence in the treatment of these psychosomatic ailments it becomes mandatory to work at all the levels of existence to bring about quick results.
The integrated approach thus consists, not only dealing the physical aspect of the problem but use techniques to operate on all layers of existence. The large number of yogic practices available in the yogic texts is adopted to balance and harmonize the disturbances at each level and tackle this set of complex psychosomatic ailments. Yoga has a positive effect on all the five layers of existence. It gives a therapeutic effect to all the layers of existence which is the basis of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy.
Yogic management provides various techniques to bring back the balance of each kosa . The techniques are as follows :
- Annamaya Kosa : Loosening exercises, Yogasanas, Kriyas and Diet.
- Pranamaya Kosa : Breathing practices,Pranayama
- Manomaya Kosa : Meditation and devotional sessions, Bhajans.
- Vijnanamaya Kosa : Notional correction, Counseling and Lectures.
- Anandamay Kosa : Karma Yoga and Work in Relaxation.
ANNMAYA KOSA :
The physical movements and Yogasanas are used to operate at the Annamaya Kosa and to remove the physical symptoms of the ailments.
- Kriyas are yogic processes describe int Hatha Yoga to cleanse the inner organs of our body. They bring about the following effects.
b) Toning up their functions.
d) Development of deep internal awareness. Among the major Kriyas enumerated in the texts of Yoga, simplified versions of few Kriyas like Catheter Neti, Jala Neti, Kapalbhati, Agnisara, Vamana Dhouti etc are used extensively.
- Physical Exercises and Movements : Very simple physical movements to mobilize and activate particularly affected parts of the body are used. Some easy physical exercises are adopted to fulfill the needs of the particular ailments to :
b) Stretch and relax the muscles.
c) Improve the forbearance power.
d) Develop stamina.
- Yogasanas : Yogasanas are physical postures often imitating the natural positions of the animals meant to tranquil the mind. Through these postures are brought the physical revitalization and deep relaxation and mental calmness are achieved.
PRANAMAYA KOSA :
Prana is the basic life principle. Pranayama is a proces for gaining control over prana. The five manifestations of Prana in the human system as depicted in Pranopanishad and the corresponding most comprehensive definition of Pranayama. Also the convention Pranayama through regulation of breath is described therein. Differences between normal breathing, Kriya and Pranayama are clearly depicted.
Through the practice of proper breathing , kriyas and pranayama, we start operating on the Pranayama kosa. Suitable types of pranayama and breathing help to remove the random agitations in pranic flow ins the pranamaya kosa. Thus, the ailments are handled at this pranamaya kosa level.
MANOMAYA KOSA :
A direct operation on this level is made possible by the last three limbs of Astanga Yoga of Sage Patanjali - Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi. The culturing of mind is accomplished by focusing of the mind (Dharana) initially, followed by relaxed dwelling of the mind in a single thought (Dhyana) for longer and longer durations leading ultimately to super- consciousness (Samadhi).
A progressive habituation allows the mind to remain relaxed during the period of meditation (Dhyana). The benefits of Transcendental Meditation, a simple standardized technique are numerous, interesting and noteworthy. Its application to treat may psychosomatic ailments has become popular.
To handle and gain control over the basic cause for mental agitations, we use the yoga techniques that control our emotions. A devotional session containing Prayers, Chants, Bhajans, Namavalis, Dhuns, Stotras etc., help to build a congenial atmosphere to evoke recognize, attenuate and dissipate the emotions. Thus emotional imbalances and upsurges are eliminated by such control.
VIJNANAMAYA KOSA :
A basic understanding is the key to operate from Vijnanamaya Kosa. Upanishads are the treasury of such knowledge which is the redeemer of all miseries and obsession. It is the lack of that inner jnana which is responsible for may wrong habits, agitations etc.
The Happiness Analysis - Ananda Maimamsa of the Taitteriya Upanishad handles the most fundamental problem relevant to all living creatures. Knowledge burns the strong attachments, obsessions, likes and dislikes which are the basic reasons for the agitations of mind.
ANANDAMAYA KOSA :
To bring the bliss of our causal body called Anandamaya Kosa in all our actions is the key for a very happy and healthy life. This brings our innate healing powers to affect, a complete cure of our ailments. The techniques used come under the heading Karma Yoga, the secret of action. The secret lies in maintaining an inner silence, equipoise at the mental level as we perform all our action.